Pharmacy Design
  

 

  Articles  

Vendors

Articles

Add Your Company

Events

Contact Us

 

 

 

 

 

 

Articles on Pharmacy Design

"Illumination and Errors in Dispensing", (c) Buchanan TL, Barker KN, Gibson JT, American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 1991

Abstract:

The relationship between the level of illumination and the prescription-dispensing error rate in a high-volume Army outpatient pharmacy was investigated. The prescription error rate was determined by direct, undisguised observation and retrospective prescription review under three levels of illumination (45, 102, and 146 foot-candles) during 21 consecutive weekdays. Illumination was controlled in the prescription-checking area of the pharmacy by using additional fluorescent lamps and filters. The three levels of illumination were randomly assigned to the 21 days to provide a total of 7 days of observations per level.

The final sample consisted of 10,888 prescriptions dispensed by five pharmacists. The overall prescription error rate (including both content and labeling errors) was 3.39% (369 prescriptions). An illumination level of 146 foot-candles was associated with a significantly lower error rate (2.6%) than the baseline level of 45 foot-candles (3.8%).

There was a linear relationship between each pharmacist's error rate and that pharmacist's corresponding daily prescription workload for all three illumination levels. The effect of the observer was minimal. The rate of prescription-dispensing errors was associated with the level of illumination. Ergonomics can affect the performance of professional tasks.


What you will find on Pharmacy Design: Pharmacy Planning and Pharmacy Design Services - Pharmacy Construction Services - Pharmacy Project Management Services - Pharmacy Products - Pharmacy Equipment - Pharmacy Furniture - Pharmacy Software
 
2009 PharmacyDesign.org  / 59 West 19th St. : New York, NY  10011 : (212-463-0800) : info@pharmacydesign.org